Aycliffe Community Primary School is a community where children’s rights are learned, taught, practised, respected, protected and promoted. Pupils and the school community learn about children’s rights by putting them into practice every day.

Article 28: Every child has the right to an education. Discipline in schools must respect children’s dignity and their rights.

Article 29: Education must develop every child’s personality, talents and abilities to the full. It must encourage the child’s respect for human rights, as well as respect for their parents, their own and other cultures, and the environment.

Article 31: Every child has the right to relax, play and take part in a wide range of cultural and artistic activities.

Article 13: Every child must be free to express their thoughts and opinions and to access all kinds of information, as long as it is within the law.

Article 17: Every child has the right to reliable information from a variety of sources, and governments should encourage the media to provide information that children can understand. Governments must help protect children from materials that could harm them.

We recognise that all pupils are equal regardless of cultural or ethnic background, religion, social circumstances, gender, sexual orientation, ability and disability. The curriculum and whole ethos of the school demonstrates that diversity is understood, is welcomed and appreciated within the school. Equal opportunities means that all children have the right to a broad and balanced curriculum with which all pupils can engage and achieve.

Key Contact Personnel in School Designated Safeguarding Lead: John Dexter, Headteacher

Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead(s): Jacky Cox,

Deputy Headteacher; Carol Manton, Family Liaison Officer

Named Safeguarding Governor: Helen Comfort

This is a core policy that forms part of the induction for all staff.

It is a requirement that all members of staff have access to this policy and sign to say they have read and understood its contents.

Date written: June 2017

Date agreed and ratified by Governing Body: June 2017

Date of next review: June 2018

This policy will be reviewed at least annually and/or following any updates to national and local guidance and procedures.

1. Introduction and Ethos

• Aycliffe Community Primary School is a community and all those directly connected (staff, governors, parents, families and pupils) have an essential role to play in making it safe and secure. Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises our moral and statutory responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of all children with their best interests at the centre of our work.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises the importance of providing an ethos and environment within school that will help children to feel safe, secure and respected; encourage them to talk openly; and enable them to feel confident that they will be listened to. We are alert to the signs of abuse and neglect and follow our procedures to ensure that children receive effective support, protection and justice.

• Our school core safeguarding principles are:

o That schools are an important part of the wider safeguarding system for children.

o It is a whole school responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of children as its paramount concern

o All children (defined as those up to the age of 18) regardless of age, gender, ability, culture, race, language, religion or sexual identity, have equal rights to protection

o All children have a right to be heard and to have their wishes and feelings taken into account 

o All staff understand safe professional practice and adhere to our code of conduct and other associated policies

o All staff have a responsibility to recognise vulnerability in children and act on any concern in accordance with this guidance

• There are four main elements to our safeguarding policy

o Prevention (e.g. positive, supportive, safe school culture, curriculum and pastoral opportunities for children, safer recruitment procedures);

o Protection (by following the agreed procedures, ensuring all staff are trained and supported to respond appropriately and sensitively to safeguarding concerns);

o Support (for all pupils, parents and staff, and where appropriate specific intervention for those who may be at risk of harm);

o Working with parents and other agencies (to ensure appropriate communications and actions are undertaken).

• The procedures contained in this policy apply to all staff (including temporary staff and volunteers) and governors and are consistent with those of Kent Safeguarding Children Board (KSCB).

1. Context

• This policy has been developed in accordance with the principles established by the Children Acts 1989 and 2004 and related guidance. This includes:

o DfE guidance Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016 (KCSIE)

o Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015 (WTSC)

o Ofsted guidance ‘Inspecting safeguarding in early years, education and skills’ (2016)

o Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and their Families (2000)

o Kent and Medway Safeguarding Children Procedures (Online, 2016)

o Early Years and Foundation Stage Framework 2017 (EYFS)

• Section 175 of the Education Act 2002 requires school governing bodies, local education authorities and further education institutions to make arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of all children who are pupils at a school, or who are students under 18 years of age. Such arrangements will have to have regard to any guidance issued by the Secretary of State.

2. Definition of Safeguarding

• “Safeguarding is not just about protecting children from deliberate harm. It includes a wide range of issues relating to pupil’s welfare, health and safety.” (Inspecting safeguarding in early years, education and skills, Ofsted, September 2016).

• All safeguarding policies will be reviewed on an annual (minimum) basis by the Governing Body which has responsibility for oversight of school safeguarding and child protection systems. The Designated Safeguarding Lead / Head Teacher will ensure regular reporting on safeguarding activity and systems in school to the Governing Body. The Governing Body will not receive details of individual pupil situations or identifying features of families as part of their oversight responsibility.

• The school acknowledges that this policy will incorporate a range of specific safeguarding issues including (but not limited to):

o Bullying (including cyberbullying)

o Children Missing Education (CME)

o Child missing from home or care

o Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)

o Domestic violence

o Drugs and alcohol misuse

o Fabricated or induced illness

o Faith abuse o Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

o Forced marriage

o Gangs and youth violence

o Gender based abuse and violence against women and girls

o Hate

o Honour based abuse

o Mental health

o Missing children and adults

o Online safety

o Prevent duty (radicalisation and extremism)

o Private fostering

o Relationship abuse

o Human trafficking and modern slavery

o Youth produced sexual imagery or “Sexting”

(Also see Annex A within ‘Keeping children safe in education’ 2016 and appendix 3)

• Every member of staff at Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that children experiencing specific safeguarding issues identified above are no different to safeguarding against any other vulnerability or concern and will be approached and responded to in the same way as protecting children from any other risks.

3. Related Safeguarding Policies

• We are aware that safeguarding is fundamental to the welfare of all children in our care. This policy is therefore one of a series in the school’s integrated safeguarding portfolio and should be read in conjunction with the policies as listed below:

o Behaviour,

o Online Safety and Social Media

o Data Protection and Information Sharing

o Image Use

o Drugs

o Sex Education

o Personal and Intimate Care

o Health and Safety

o Attendance (Children Missing Education)

o Risk Assessments (e.g. school trips, use of technology)

o First Aid and Accidents

o Managing Allegations Against Staff

o Code of Conduct for Staff (including Acceptable Use of Technology/AUP)

o Safer Recruitment

o Whistle-Blowing

Supporting Guidance (to be read and followed alongside this document)

o Teachers Standards 2012

o “Safeguarding Disabled Children – Practice Guidance” - DOH, 2009

o “Guidance for Safer Working Practice for Adults who Work with Children and Young People in Education Settings” - Safer Recruitment Consortium, October 2015

o “What to do if you are worried a child is being abused” – DfE, March 2015

o KSCB document: “Safe Practice with Technology – Guidance for Adults who Work with Children and Young People”

o KCC Safeguarding Children and Child Protection – “Induction Leaflet Guidelines for School Staff”

o KCC Guidelines for “Safeguarding Record Keeping in Schools”

o KCC Advice notes - “Dealing with Disclosures in School”

o Early Years Foundation Stage 2017 Welfare Requirements

• These documents can be found in at our staffroom’s safeguarding information table. 

4. Key Responsibilities

• Everyone who comes into contact with children and their families has a role to play in safeguarding children. Schools and colleges form part of the wider safeguarding system for children.

• The governing body have read and will follow KCSIE 2016. Further information regarding the key strategic responsibilities of the governing body and Headteacher are identified in appendix 1.

• The school has a nominated governor for safeguarding named on the front of this document. The nominated governor will take the lead role in ensuring that the school has an effective policy which interlinks with other related policies; that locally agreed procedures are in place and being followed; and that the policy and structures supporting safeguarding children are reviewed at least annually.

• The Governing Body, Headteacher and Leadership Team will ensure that the DSL(s) is properly supported in this role at a time and resource level.

5.1 Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)

• The school has appointed a member of the leadership team John Dexter, Headteacher as the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL). The DSL has the overall responsibility for the day to day oversight of safeguarding and child protection systems in school.

• The DSL will undergo appropriate and specific training to provide them with the knowledge and skills required to carry out their role. This training will be approved by and meet the standards as required by the Kent Safeguarding Children Board. The DSL’s training will be updated formally every year.

• The school has appointed additional staff to deputise for the DSL Jacky Cox, Deputy Headteacher and Carol Manton, Family Liaison Officer. Deputy DSLs have attended appropriate training which enables them to fulfil this role.  Whilst the activities of the Designated Safeguarding Lead may be delegated to the deputies, the ultimate lead responsibility for safeguarding and child protection remains with the Designated Safeguarding Lead and this responsibility will not be delegated.

• It is the role of the DSL to:

o Act as the central contact point for all staff to discuss any safeguarding concerns

o Maintain a confidential recording system for safeguarding and child protection concerns

o Coordinate safeguarding action for individual children  

In the case of Children in Care, the DSL should have the details of the child’s social worker and the name of the virtual school head in the authority that looks after the child (with the DSL liaising closely with the designated teacher.

o Liaise with other agencies and professionals in line with Working together to safeguard children

o Ensure that locally established procedures are followed and making referrals to other agencies, including Early Help and Specialist Childrens Services (SCS) as necessary

o Represent, or ensure the school is appropriately represented at inter-agency safeguarding meetings (including Child Protection conferences)

o Manage and monitor the school’s part in Early Help / Child in Need / Child Protection plans

o Be available during term time (during school hours) for staff in the school to discuss any safeguarding concerns

o Ensure all staff access appropriate safeguarding training and relevant updates in line with the recommendations within KCSIE (2016)

• Further details about the role of the DSL can be found in ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’ 2016, part two.

5.2 Members of Staff

• All members of staff have a responsibility to:

o provide a safe environment in which children can learn

o ensure all children are able to develop appropriate strategies to recognise and respond to risk and build resilience

o identify and recognise children who may be in need of early help, who are suffering, or are likely to suffer significant harm

o provide help for children, where appropriate and reasonable

o take appropriate action to prevent safeguarding concerns escalating and work with other services as needed

o safeguard children’s wellbeing and maintain public trust in the teaching profession as part of their professional duties

o be aware of and take appropriate action to raise concerns regarding poor or unsafe practice or potential failures in the school safeguarding regime (this may include accessing the school whistleblowing policy)

o maintain an attitude of ‘it could happen here’ where safeguarding is concerned and to always act in the best interests of the child

o respond to and refer any concerns about children or other members of the community in accordance with this policy 

o Contribute towards, read and adhering to the school policies

• All members of staff in Aycliffe Community Primary School know what to do if a child tells them he/she is being abused or neglected. Members of staff know to maintain an appropriate level of confidentiality whilst at the same time liaising with relevant professionals such as the DSL and other agencies as appropriate. Members of staff know they must never promise a child that they will not tell anyone about a concern or allegation as this may ultimately not be in the best interests of the child. See appendix 4 for advice for staff on responding to safeguarding concerns.

• The welfare and safety of children are the responsibility of all staff in school and ANY concern for a pupil’s welfare MUST always be reported to the Designated Safeguarding Lead(s).

5.3 Children and Young People

• Children and young people (pupils) have a responsibility to:

o Contribute to the development of school safeguarding policies

o Read and adhere to (at a level appropriate to their age and ability) the schools safeguarding policies and procedures

o Seek help from a trusted adult if things go wrong, and support others that may be experiencing safeguarding concerns

o Develop and take responsibility (at a level that is appropriate to their individual age, ability and vulnerabilities) for keeping themselves and others safe, including online

5.4 Parents and Carers

• Parents/carers have a responsibility to:

o Read the relevant school/policies and procures, encouraging their children to adhere to them, and adhering to them themselves where appropriate

o Discuss safeguarding issues with their children, support the school in their safeguarding approaches, and reinforce appropriate safe behaviours at home

o Identify changes in behaviour which could indicate that their child is at risk of harm online

o Seek help and support from the school, or other appropriate agencies, if they or their child encounters any safeguarding concern

o Contribute to the development of the schools safeguarding policies

• A statement in the school website will inform parents and carers about our school’s duties and responsibilities under child protection and safeguarding procedures.

• Parents can obtain a copy of the school Child Protection Policy and other related policies on request and can view them via the school website aycliffe.kent.sch.uk

5. Recognition and Types of Abuse and Neglect

• All staff in school should be aware of the definitions and signs and symptoms of abuse. There are four categories of abuse:

o Physical abuse

o Sexual abuse

o Emotional abuse o Neglect

• The most up to date definitions and possible indicators and signs of abuse are found in Appendix 2. Staff should also refer to Part 1 and Annex A within ‘Keeping children safe in education’ 2016 (see appendix 5) and ‘What to do if you are worried a child is being abused’ 2015.

• All members of staff are aware that abuse, neglect and safeguarding issues are rarely standalone events that can be covered by one definition or label; in most cases, multiple issues will overlap with one another.

• Members of staff are aware that child welfare concerns may arise in many different contexts, and can vary greatly in terms of their nature and seriousness. For example, children may be abused in a family, in an institutional or community setting, by those known to them or by a stranger. They may be abused by an adult or adults, or another child or children. Children may be abused via the internet by their peers, family members or by unknown or in some cases unidentifiable individuals. In the case of honour based abuse, including forced marriage and female genital mutilation, children may be taken out of the country to be abused. An abused child may often experience more than one type of abuse, as well as other difficulties in their lives.

• Abuse and neglect can happen over a period of time, but can also be a one-off event. This can have major long-term impacts on all aspects of a child's health, development and well-being.

• The warning signs and symptoms of child abuse and neglect can vary from child to child. Children also develop and mature at different rates, so what appears to be worrying behaviour for a younger child might be normal for an older child. Parental behaviors’ may also indicate child abuse or neglect, so staff should also be alert to parent-child interactions or concerning parental behavior’s; this could include parents who are under the influence of drugs or alcohol or if there is a sudden change in their mental health.

• By understanding the warning signs, we can respond to problems as early as possible and provide the right support and services for the child and their family. It is important to recognise that a warning sign doesn’t automatically mean a child is being abused.

6. Safeguarding and Child Protection Procedures

• Aycliffe Community Primary School adheres to the KSCB Safeguarding Children Procedures (Online, April 2016). The full KSCB procedures and additional guidance relating to specific safeguarding issues can be found on the KSCB website www.kscb.org.uk

• Additional guidance for staff includes

o ‘What to do if you are Worried About a Child Being Abused’ (DfE 2015)

o Information Sharing advice for safeguarding practitioners (2015) o Kent and Medway Inter-Agency Threshold Criteria for Children in Need

o The Assessment Framework for Children in Need and their Families (2000)

o These documents can be found in the staff room  

• ‘What to do if you are worried about a child being abused’ (DfE 2015) p.12 identifies that there are four key steps for professionals to follow to help identify and respond appropriately to possible abuse and/or neglect.

• All members of staff are expected to be aware of and follow this approach: Be alert Question behaviours Ask for help Refer

• It may not always be appropriate to go through all four stages sequentially and if a child is in immediate danger or is at risk of harm, a referral should be made immediately to children’s social care and/or the police.

• The role of the school in situations where there are child protection concerns is NOT to investigate but to recognise and refer.

• It is the responsibility of the DSL to receive and collate information regarding individual children, to make immediate and on-going assessments of potential risk and to decide actions necessary (with parents / carers in most cases). This includes the need to make referrals to partner agencies and services.

o To help with this decision s/he may choose to consult with the Area Education Safeguarding Adviser from the Education Safeguarding Team and/or the Education Safeguarding Adviser (Online Protection) for online safety concerns.

o Advice may also be sought from the Early Help Triage Team. (Note – this process is currently under review and therefore may change.)

o Issues discussed during consultations may include the urgency and gravity of the concerns for a child or young person and the extent to which parents/carers are made aware of these.  

• All members of staff are made aware of the Early Help process, and understand their role within it. This includes identifying emerging problems, liaising with the DSL, sharing information with other professionals to support early identification and assessment and, in some cases, acting as the lead professional in undertaking an early help assessment.

• If Early Help is assessed to be appropriate then the DSL will support staff members involved with the family in liaising with other agencies and submitting an Early Help Notification Form. The DSL will keep all Early Help cases under constant review and will give consideration to making a referral to SCS if the situation doesn’t appear to be improving for the child.

• New referrals to services will be made using the agreed Kent process i.e. the Early Help Notification form or Inter-Agency Referral Form for referrals to SCS. These will be made with reference to the Kent Interagency Threshold Criteria for Children in Need (KSCB). In situations where there are felt to be urgent or grave concerns, a telephone referral will be made prior to the form being completed and sent to the Central Duty Team. Concerns for children who are already known to services will be passed to the allocated worker / team.

• All members of staff are aware of the process for making referrals to SCS for statutory assessments under the Children Act 1989 that may follow a referral, along with the role they might be expected to play in such assessments.

• In all but the most exceptional circumstances, parents /carers will be made aware of the concerns for their child at the earliest possible stage. In the event of a referral to Specialist Children’s Services being necessary, parents/carers will be informed and consent to this will be sought, unless there is a valid reason not to do so, for example if to do so would put a child at risk of harm to would undermine a criminal investigation.

• In the absence of the availability of the DSL to discuss an immediate and urgent concern, staff can seek advice from the Education Safeguards Team (03000 415648). If anyone other than the DSL makes a referral to external services, then they will inform the DSL as soon as possible.

• On occasion, staff may pass information about a child to the DSL, but remain anxious about action subsequently taken. Staff should feel able to check the progress of a case with the DSL so that they can reassure themselves the child is safe and their welfare is being considered. If following this process, the staff member remains concerned that appropriate action is not being taken, it is the responsibility of that staff member to seek further direct consultation from either a member of the Education Safeguarding Team or Specialist Children’s Services who may be able to discuss the concern and provide advice on appropriate action to be taken.

• If after a referral, a child’s situation does not appear to be improving, then the DSL (or the person that made the referral) will request reconsideration to ensure that the settings concerns have been addressed and, most importantly, that the child’s situation improves. Professional disagreements (escalation) will be responded to in line with the KSCB procedures and DSLs may request support via the Education Safeguarding Team.

7. Record Keeping

• Staff will record any welfare concern that they have about a child on the setting’s safeguarding incident/concern form (with a body map if injuries have been observed) and pass them without delay to the DSL. Records will be completed as soon as possible after the incident/event, using the child’s words and will be signed and dated by the member of staff.

• All safeguarding concerns, discussions and decisions (and justifications for those decisions) will be recorded in writing. If members of staff are in any doubt about recording requirements, they should discuss their concerns with DSL.

• Incident/Welfare concern forms are kept in the staffroom.

• Safeguarding records are kept for individual children and are maintained separately from all other records relating to the child in the school. Safeguarding records are kept in accordance with data protection legislation and are retained centrally and securely by the DSL. Safeguarding records are shared with staff on a ‘need to know’ basis only.

• All safeguarding records will be transferred in accordance with data protection legislation to the child’s subsequent school/setting, under confidential and separate cover. These will be given to the new DSL and a receipt of delivery will be obtained.

• Detailed guidance on Record Keeping is found in a separate document “Guidelines for Safeguarding Record Keeping in Schools”. o  All Staff WILL familiarise themselves with the responsibilities as outlined in this document.  www.kelsi.org.uk/support-for-children-and-young-people/child-protection-and-safeguarding/safeguarding-policies-and-guidance

• The Headteacher will be kept informed of any significant issues by the DSL.

8. Inter-agency Working

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises and is committed to its responsibility to work with other professionals and agencies in line with statutory guidance (WTSC), both to ensure children’s needs are met and to protect them from harm. All staff will endeavour to identify those children and families who may benefit from the intervention and support of external professionals and will seek to enable referrals, in discussion with parents/carers as appropriate.

• Schools are not the investigating agency when there are child protection concerns and the school will therefore pass all relevant cases to the statutory agencies. We will however contribute to the investigation and assessment processes as required, and recognise that a crucial part of this may be in supporting the child while these take place.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises the importance of multi-agency working and will ensure that staff are enabled to attend relevant safeguarding meetings, including Child Protection Conferences, Core Groups, Strategy Meetings, Child in Need meetings and Early Help meetings.

• The School Leadership Team and DSL will work to establish strong and co-operative relationships with relevant professionals in other agencies.

9. Confidentiality and Information Sharing

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that all matters relating to child protection are confidential. The Headteacher or DSL will only disclose information about a pupil to other members of staff on a ‘need to know’ basis.

• All members of staff must be aware that whilst they have duties to keep any information about children, families and colleagues which have access to as a result of their role confidential, they also have a professional responsibility to share information with other agencies in order to safeguard children.

• All staff must be aware that they cannot promise a child to keep secrets which might compromise the child’s safety or wellbeing. Further advice on responding to disclosures can be found in appendix 4.

• DfE Guidance on Information Sharing (March 2015) provides further detail. A copy of this is kept in the staffroom.

• If the school is made aware of any safeguarding concerns which they feel need to be shared with the wider community (including other local schools) then advice will be sought from the Education Safeguarding team to ensure that the integrity of any subsequent investigations are maintained and that all members of the community are safeguarded.

10. Complaints

• The school has a Complaints Procedure available to parents, pupils/students and members of staff who wish to report concerns. This can be found in the staff room.

• All reported concerns will be taken seriously and considered within the relevant and appropriate process. Anything that constitutes an allegation against a member of staff or volunteer will be dealt with under the specific Procedures for Managing Allegations against Staff policy. This can be found in the staff room.

Staff Induction, Awareness and Training

• All members of staff have been provided with a copy of part one of the “Keeping Children Safe in Education” (2016) which covers Safeguarding information. School leaders will read the entire document. School leaders and all members of staff who work directly with children will access Annex A within Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016. Members of staff have signed to confirm that they have read and understood Part One and Annex A.

• The DSL will ensure that all new staff and volunteers (including temporary staff) are appropriately inducted as regards the school’s internal safeguarding procedures and communication lines. A summary information sheet is available to be given to staff and volunteers to support this process.  

• All staff members (including temporary staff) will receive appropriate safeguarding and child protection training (organised by the DSL) which will enable them to: o Recognise potential safeguarding and child protection concerns involving pupils and adults (colleagues, other professionals and parents/carers) o Respond appropriately to safeguarding issues and take action in line with this policy o Record concerns in line with the school policies o Refer concerns to the DSL and be able to seek support external to the school if required

• All staff members (including temporary staff) will receive appropriate training to ensure they are aware of a range of safeguarding issues (see definition of safeguarding) and are aware that behaviours linked to the likes of drug taking, alcohol abuse, truanting and peer on peer abuse such as bullying and sexting can put children in danger. The staff training will also include school responsibilities, the school child protection procedures, online safety, safe working practice and external reporting mechanisms.

• All staff members (including temporary staff)  will receive regular safeguarding and child protection updates as required, but at least annually during our school’s Study Week, to provide them with relevant skills and knowledge to safeguard children effectively.

• All staff members (including temporary staff) will also be made aware of the school’s expectations regarding safe and professional practice via the staff behaviour policy (or code of conduct) and Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) which is provided and discussed as part of the induction process.

• The school recognises the expertise which members of staff build by undertaking safeguarding training and managing safeguarding concerns on a daily basis. Opportunity is therefore provided for all staff to contribute to and shape safeguarding arrangements and the safeguarding. Other safeguarding policies, for example the school Code of Conduct and Acceptable Use Policy, are also sent to staff for their feedback before ratification by the Governing Body.  

• The DSL and Head Teacher will provide an annual report to the Governing Body detailing safeguarding training undertaken by all staff and will maintain up to date registers of who has been trained.

• Although the school has a nominated lead for the governing body Helen Comfort, all members of the governing body will access appropriate safeguarding training which covers their specific strategic responsibilities on a regular basis.

11. Safe Working Practice

• All members of staff are required to work within clear guidelines on Safe Working Practice / the school’s Code of Conduct.

• Children may make allegations against staff in situations where they feel vulnerable or where they perceive there to be a possible risk to their welfare. As such, all staff should take care not to place themselves in a vulnerable position regarding child protection or potential allegations. For example, it is always advisable for interviews or work with individual children or parents to be conducted in view of other adults.

• Physical intervention should only be used when the child is endangering him/herself or others and such events should be recorded and signed by a witness. Staff should be aware of the school’s Behaviour Management and Physical Intervention Policies, and any physical interventions must be in line with agreed policy and procedure in which appropriate training should be provided.

• Full advice and guidance can be found in Guidance for Safer Working Practice for Adults who Work with Children and Young People in Education Settings (2015) which can be found in the staff room.

• Staff should be particularly aware of the professional risks associated with the use of social media and electronic communication (email, mobile phones, texting, social network sites etc.) and should familiarise themselves with advice and professional expectations outlined in Guidance for Safer Working Practice for Adults who Work with Children and Young People in Education Settings, the school’s Online Safety Policy and Acceptable Use Policy and Safe Practice with Technology – Guidance for Adults who Work with Children and Young People.

12. Staff Supervision and Support

• Any member of staff affected by issues arising from concerns for children’s welfare or safety can seek support from the DSL.

• All new staff including newly qualified teachers and support staff will receive induction training and have a mentor or co-ordinator with whom they can discuss concerns including safeguarding concerns.

• The induction process will include familiarisation with child protection responsibilities and procedures to be followed if members of staff have any concerns about a child’s safety or welfare.

• The school will provide appropriate supervision and support for all members of staff to ensure that: o All staff are competent to carry out their responsibilities for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children

o Staff are able to create an environment where members of staff feel able to raise concerns and feel supported in their safeguarding role

o All members of staff have regular reviews of their own practice to ensure they improve over time.

• The DSL will also put staff in touch with outside agencies for professional support if they so wish. Staff can also approach organisations such as their Union, the Education Support Partnership or other similar organisations directly.

Further information about a range of supporting organisations can be found in appendix 5.

• The school will ensure that members of staff who are working within the foundation stage are provided with appropriate supervision in accordance with the statutory requirements of Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) 2017.

13. Safer Recruitment

• Aycliffe Community Primary School is committed to ensure that develop a safe culture and that all steps are taken to recruit staff and volunteers who are safe to work with our pupils/students and have their welfare and protection as the highest priority.

• The Governing Body and Leadership Team are responsible for ensuring that the school follows safe recruitment processes outlined within guidance, including an application, vetting and recruitment process which places safeguarding at its centre, regardless of employee or voluntary role and appropriate pre-appointment checks.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School is responsible for ensuring that the school maintains an accurate Single Central Record (SCR). The SCR is a list of all staff, volunteers and Governors and includes appropriate recruitment information such as:

o Dates of recruitment;

o References;

o Identity checks;

o Criminal records check reference number, including date check was obtaining and details of who obtained it;

o Eligibility to work in the UK checks;

o Other essential key data.

• The Governing Body will ensure that the Head Teacher, other senior staff responsible for recruitment and one member of the Governing Body complete accredited Safer Recruitment Training in line with government requirements.

• The headteacher will apply appropriate judgement regarding the need to supervise and escort visitors and will provide them with appropriate safeguarding information.

• We are also committed to supporting the statutory guidance from the Department for Education on the application of the Childcare (Disqualification) Regulations 2009 and related obligations under the Childcare Act 2006 in schools. Schools and local authorities must have regard to it when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children under section 175, of the Education Act 2002, paragraph 7(b) of Schedule 1 to the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014 and paragraph 3 of the Schedule to the Education (Non-Maintained Special Schools)(England) Regulations 2011. www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/414345/disqual_stat-guidance_Feb_15__3_.pdf

• We advise all staff to disclose any reason that may affect their suitability to work with children including convictions, cautions, court orders, cautions, reprimands and warnings. Additionally, we make all staff aware that they may also be disqualified because they live in the same household as another person who is disqualified.

14. Allegations Against Members of Staff and Volunteers

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that it is possible for staff and volunteers to behave in a way that might cause harm to children and takes seriously any allegation received. Such allegations should be referred immediately to the Head Teacher who will first contact the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) to agree further action to be taken in respect of the child and staff member. In the event of allegations of abuse being made against the headteacher then staff are advised that allegations should be reported directly to the LADO.

• All staff and volunteers should feel able to raise concerns about poor or unsafe practice and such concerns will always be taken seriously by the senior leadership team. 

• All members of staff are made aware of the school’s Whistle-blowing procedure and that it is a disciplinary offence not to report concerns about the conduct of a colleague that could place a child at risk. Members of Staff can also access the NSPCC whistleblowing helpline if they do not feel able to raise concerns regarding child protection failures internally. Staff can call: 0800 028 0285 (8:00 AM to 8:00 PM Monday to Friday) or email:

• Aycliffe Community Primary School has a legal duty to refer to the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) anyone who has harmed, or poses a risk of harm, to a child, or if there is reason to believe the member of staff has committed one of a number of listed offences, and who has been removed from working (paid or unpaid) in regulated activity, or would have been removed had they not left. The DBS will consider whether to bar the person. If these circumstances arise in relation to a member of staff at our school, a referral will be made as soon as possible after the resignation or removal of the individual in accordance with advice from the LADO and/or Schools Personnel Service.

• For specific guidance on how to respond to allegations against staff, please refer to the “Procedures for Managing Allegations Against Staff” and Whistle Blowing Policy which can be found in the staff room.

When in doubt – consult

15. Peer on Peer Abuse (Allegations of abuse made against other children)

• All members of staff at Aycliffe Community Primary School recognise that children are capable of abusing their peers. Peer on peer abuse can take many forms, including (but not limited to) bullying, cyberbullying, gender-based abuse, hazing (initiation type violence), sexually harmful behaviour and violence and ‘sexting’. The school is mindful that some potential issues may by be affected by the gender, age, ability and culture of those involved.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School believes that abuse is abuse and it will never be tolerated, dismissed or minimised. Any incidents of peer on peer abuse will be managed in the same way as any other child protection concern and will follow the same procedures, as outlined in Section 7, above and in accordance with Kent Safeguarding Children Board procedures. 

• Aycliffe Community Primary School is aware of the potential gender issues that can be prevalent when dealing with peer on peer abuse including but not limited to, being sexually touched/assaulted or being subject to initiation/hazing type violence. 

• Further information about the school’s response to specific allegations of abuse against pupils can be located in the school’s behaviour policy.

• The school will respond to cases of “sexting” (or Youth Produced Sexual Imagery) in line with the UKCCIS “Sexting in Schools and Colleges” guidance and KSCB guidance.

o Further information in relation to the school’s approach to “sexting” can be found in the school Online Safety Policy.

• The school will take steps to minimise the risk of all forms of peer on peer abuse.  We will ensure that appropriate curriculum time is dedicated to enable children to develop an awareness and understanding of abusive behaviour and to ensure that children recognise warning signs and supports of support both within the school and externally (such as Kent Police, ChildLine etc.).

• Pupils who have been experienced peer on peer abuse will be supported by:

o Offering them an immediate opportunity to discuss the experience with a member of staff of their choice

o Being advised to keep a record of concerns as evidence and discussions regarding how to respond to concerns and build resilience, if appropriate.

o Providing reassurance and continuous support

o Working with the wider community and local/national organisations to provide further or specialist advice and guidance

• Pupils who are alleged to have abused other pupils will be helped by:

o Discussing what happened, establishing the specific concern and the need for behaviour to change

o Informing parents/carers to help change the attitude and behaviour of the child

o Providing appropriate education and support o Sanctioning them in line with school behaviour/discipline policy. This may include official warnings, detentions, removal of privileges (including denial of online access), fixed-term and permanent exclusions.

o Speaking with police or other local services (such as early help or children’s specialist services) as appropriate

•  Aycliffe Community Primary School is aware of and will follow the KSCB procedures (www.kscb.org.uk) for supporting children who are at risk of harm as a result of their own behaviour.

16. Safeguarding Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

• Aycliffe Community Primary School acknowledges that children with special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities can face additional safeguarding challenges as they may have an impaired capacity to resist or avoid abuse. They may have speech, language and communication needs which may make it difficult to tell others what is happening.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School will ensure that children with SEN and disabilities, specifically those with communication difficulties will be supported to ensure that their voice is heard and acted upon. 

• Members of staff are encouraged to be aware that children with SEN and disabilities can be disproportionally impacted by safeguarding concerns such as bullying. All members of staff will be encouraged to appropriately explore possible indicators of abuse such as behaviour/mood change or injuries and not to assume that they are related to the child’s disability and be aware that children with SEN and disabilities may not always outwardly display indicators of abuse.

17. Online Safety

• It is recognised by Aycliffe Community Primary School that the use of technology presents particular challenges and risks to children and adults both inside and outside of school. 

• Members of staff with appropriate skills, interest and expertise regarding online safety are encouraged to help support the DSL, and any deputy DSLs as appropriate, for example when developing curriculum approaches or making technical decisions. However, the DSL is acknowledged as having overall responsibility for online safeguarding within the school.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School identifies that the issues classified within online safety are considerable, but can be broadly categorised into three areas of risk:

o content: being exposed to illegal, inappropriate or harmful material

o contact: being subjected to harmful online interaction with other users

o conduct: personal online behaviour that increases the likelihood of, or causes, harm.

• The DSL and leadership team have read annex C regarding Online Safety within ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’ 2016.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises the specific risks that can be posed by mobile phones and cameras and in accordance with KCSIE 2016 and EYFS 2017 has appropriate policies in place that are shared and understood by all members of the school community.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School will ensure that appropriate filtering and monitoring systems are in place when pupils and staff access school systems and internet provision.  

• The school will be careful to ensure that these systems do not place unreasonable restrictions on internet access or limit what children can be taught with regards to online teaching and safeguarding.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School acknowledges that whilst filtering and monitoring is an important part of school’s online safety responsibilities, it is only one part of our role. Children and adults may have access to systems external to the school control such as mobile phones and other internet enabled devices and technology.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School will ensure a comprehensive whole school curriculum response is in place to enable all pupils to learn about and manage online risks effectively and will support parents and the wider school community (including all members of staff) to become aware and alert to the need to keep children safe online.

18. Curriculum and Staying Safe

• We recognise that schools play an essential role in helping children to understand and identify the parameters of what is appropriate child and adult behaviour; what is ‘safe’; to recognise when they and others close to them are not safe; and how to seek advice and support when they are concerned.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School will use the curriculum to provide opportunities for increasing self-awareness, self-esteem, social and emotional understanding, assertiveness and decision making so that students have a range of contacts and strategies to ensure their own protection and understand the importance of protecting others. This will include online safety.

• Pupils will be educated at a level appropriate to their age and ability about a range of safeguarding concerns through personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE), tutorials (if appropriate) and through sex and relationship education (SRE). This will include, but is not limited, to bullying (including cyber bullying), radicalisation, child sexual exploitation (CSE), stranger danger, road safety, sexual abuse, neglect, online safety, gender based violence/sexual assaults and ‘sexting’.

• Systems have been established to support the empowerment of children to talk to a range of staff. Children at Aycliffe Community Primary School will be listened to and heard and their concerns will be taken seriously and acted upon as appropriate.

• Specific systems outside of expected day to day classroom interaction and support will include: Add specifics for school. This might include o Pupil Panels

o Worry boxes

o Buddy and peer-mentoring systems

o PSHE events

o Regular feedback with groups of children

o Think U Know, Childnet, Digital Literacy Scheme of work etc.

19. The Use of School Premises by Other Organisations

• Where services or activities are provided separately by another body using the school premises, the Head Teacher and Governing Body will seek written assurance that the organisation concerned has appropriate policies and procedures in place with regard to safeguarding children and child protection and that relevant safeguarding checks have been made in respect of staff and volunteers.

• If this assurance is not achieved then an application to use premises will be refused.

20. Security

• All members of staff have a responsibility for maintaining awareness of buildings and grounds security and for reporting concerns that may come to light. We operate within a whole-school community ethos and welcome comments from pupils/students, parents and others about areas that may need improvement as well as what we are doing well.

• Appropriate checks will be undertaken in respect of visitors and volunteers coming into school as outlined within guidance. Visitors will be expected to sign in and out via the office visitors log and to display a visitor badge whilst on school site. Any individual who is not known or identifiable should be challenged for clarification and reassurance.

• The school will not accept the behaviour of any individual (parent or other) that threatens school security or leads others (child or adult) to feel unsafe. Such behaviour will be treated as a serious concern and may result in a decision to refuse access for that individual to the school site.

21. Monitoring and Review

• All school staff (including temporary staff and volunteers) will have access to a copy of this policy and will have the opportunity to consider and discuss the contents prior to approval of the Governing Body being formally sought.  The policy will also be available to parents/carers.  

• This policy has been written in (date) to reflect the new guidance and legislation issued in relation to safeguarding children and promoting their welfare.

• The policy forms part of our school development plan and will be reviewed annually.

• All staff should have access to this policy and sign to the effect that they have read and understood its contents.

• The DSL will review the policy following any child protection concerns (including following learning identified from serious case reviews) or allegations against staff to ensure that it reflects appropriate, accurate and up-to-date safeguarding practice.

22. Local Support  

• All members of staff in Aycliffe Community Primary School are made aware of local support available

o Contact details for Area Safeguarding Adviser (Education Safeguarding Team)  Insert local details here: www.kelsi.org.uk/support-for-children-and-young-people/child-protection-and-safeguarding/safeguarding-contacts

o Contact details for Online Safety in the Education Safeguarding Team 

 Rebecca Avery, Education Safeguarding Adviser (Online Protection):  Ashley Assiter, e-Safety Development Officer  03000 415797   (non-urgent issues only)

o Contact details for the LADO  Telephone: 03000 410888  Email:

o Childrens Specialist Services  Central Duty Team: 03000 411111  Out of Hours Number: 03000 419191   o Early Help and Preventative Services    03000 419222

o Kent Police  101 (or 999 if there is an immediate risk of harm)

o Kent Safeguarding Children Board (KSCB)    03000 421126

Appendix 1: Categories of Abuse

All staff should be aware that abuse, neglect and safeguarding issues are rarely standalone events that can be covered by one definition or label.  In most cases, multiple issues will overlap with one another.

Abuse: a form of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm, or by failing to act to prevent harm. They may be abused by an adult or adults or another child or children. It should be noted that abuse can be carried out both on and offline and be perpetrated by men, women and children. All members of staff should read and understand part one of ‘Keeping children safe in education’ 2016 and staff who have direct contact with pupils should also read annex A.

Sexual abuse: involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for example rape or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and touching outside of clothing. They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet). Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males. Women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.

Signs that MAY INDICATE Sexual Abuse

• Sudden changes in behaviour and school performance

• Displays of affection which are sexual and age inappropriate

• Self-harm, self-mutilation or attempts at suicide

• Alluding to secrets which they cannot reveal

• Tendency to cling or need constant reassurance

• Regression to younger behaviour for example thumb sucking, playing with discarded     toys, acting like a baby

• Distrust of familiar adults e.g. anxiety of being left with relatives, a child minder or lodger

• Unexplained gifts or money

• Depression and withdrawal

• Fear of undressing for PE

• Sexually transmitted disease

• Fire setting

Physical abuse: a form of abuse which may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.

Signs that MAY INDICATE physical abuse

• Bruises and abrasions around the face

• Damage or injury around the mouth

• Bi-lateral injuries such as two bruised eyes

• Bruising to soft area of the face such as the cheeks

• Fingertip bruising to the front or back of torso

• Bite marks

• Burns or scalds (unusual patterns and spread of injuries)

• Deep contact burns such as cigarette burns

• Injuries suggesting beatings (strap marks, welts)

• Covering arms and legs even when hot

• Aggressive behaviour or severe temper outbursts.

• Injuries need to be accounted for. Inadequate, inconsistent or excessively plausible explanations or a delay in seeking treatment should signal concern.

Emotional abuse: the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and adverse effects on the child’s emotional development. It may involve conveying to a child that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person. It may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate. It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are beyond a child’s developmental capability as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interaction. It may involve seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another. It may involve serious bullying (including cyberbullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, although it may occur alone.

Signs that MAY INDICATE emotional abuse

• Over reaction to mistakes

• Lack of self-confidence/esteem

• Sudden speech disorders

• Self-harming

• Eating Disorders

• Extremes of passivity and/or aggression

• Compulsive stealing

• Drug, alcohol, solvent abuse

• Fear of parents being contacted

• Unwillingness or inability to play

• Excessive need for approval, attention and affection

Neglect: the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to:

provide adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment);

protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger; ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers);

or ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment.

It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.

Signs that MAY INDICATE neglect.

• Constant hunger

• Poor personal hygiene

• Constant tiredness

• Inadequate clothing

• Frequent lateness or non-attendance at School

• Untreated medical problems

• Poor relationship with peers

• Compulsive stealing and scavenging

• Rocking, hair twisting and thumb sucking

• Running away

• Loss of weight or being constantly underweight

• Low self esteem  

Appendix 2: Specific Safeguarding Issues (Also See Annex A of Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016)

Children Missing Education

Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that all children, regardless of their circumstances, are entitled to a full-time education which is suitable to their age, ability, aptitude and any special educational needs they may have. Aycliffe Community Primary School is aware that a child going missing from education is a potential indicator of abuse or neglect.

Aycliffe Community Primary School has a procedure in place for responding to unauthorised absence and for dealing with children that go missing from education, particularly on repeat occasions, to help identify the risk of abuse and neglect, including sexual exploitation, and to help prevent the risks of their going missing in future. For further information, please access the school’s policy and procedures regarding attendance.

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)

All Aycliffe Community Primary School staff at have been made aware of the revised definition of Child Sexual Exploitation, as issued in the Department for Education in February 2017 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/child-sexual-exploitation-definition-and-guide-for-practitioners

‘Child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator. The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.’   Aycliffe Community Primary School identifies that CSE involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people receive something (for example food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, gifts, money or in some cases simply affection) as a result of engaging in sexual activities.

Every member of staff at Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that children at risk of CSE need to be identified and issues relating to CSE should be approached in the same way as protecting children from other risks.  They are aware that sexual exploitation can take many forms ranging from the seemingly ‘consensual’ relationship where sex is exchanged for affection or gifts, to serious organised crime by gangs and groups. What marks out exploitation is an imbalance of power in the relationship. The perpetrator always holds some kind of power over the victim which increases as the exploitative relationship develops. Sexual exploitation may involve varying degrees of coercion, intimidation or enticement, including unwanted pressure from peers to have sex, sexting, sexual bullying including cyberbullying and grooming. However, it also important to recognise that some young people who are being sexually exploited do not exhibit any external signs of this abuse or recognise this as abusive.

Honour based’ violence 

Members of staff at Aycliffe Community Primary School are aware that ‘Honour-based’ violence (HBV) encompasses a range of crimes which have been committed to protect or defend the honour of the family and/or the community, including Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), forced marriage, and practices such as breast ironing.

The indicators of HBV and associated factors will be covered with staff within the school safeguarding training. All members of staff are alert to the possibility of a child being at risk of HBV, or already having suffered HBV. All members of staff are aware that all forms of HBV are abuse (regardless of the motivation) and will be handled and escalated as such. Staff will speak with DSL if they are concerned about HBV.

The DSL will complete the FGM e-Learning package (https://www.fgmelearning.co.uk/). The DSL will also ensure that information and training is made available as appropriate to all members of staff. This includes:

• “FGM The Facts”: www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/482799/6_1587_HO_MT_Updates_to_the_FGM_The_Facts_WEB.pdf

• “FGM an Overview:” http://www.local.gov.uk/sites/default/files/documents/what-fgm-2dd.pdf

All members of staff will follow the school and KSCB procedures, using existing national and local protocols for multi-agency liaison with police and children’s social care. 

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) mandatory reporting duty

Teachers must personally report to the police cases where they discover that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out. Unless the teacher has a good reason not to, they should also still consider and discuss any such case with the DSL and involve children’s social care as appropriate. The duty does not apply in relation to at risk or suspected cases (i.e. where the teacher does not discover that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out, either through disclosure by the victim or visual evidence) or in cases where the woman is 18 or over. In these cases, teachers should follow local safeguarding procedures. Summary of the FGM mandatory reporting duty

Forced Marriage

The Forced Marriage Unit has published Multi-agency guidelines, with pages 32-36 focusing on the role of schools and colleges. Staff should report concerns regarding forced marriage to the DSL or can contact the Forced Marriage Unit if they need advice or information. Contact: 020 7008 0151 or email:  

Radicalisation

Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that exposure of children (and adults) to extremist ideology can hinder their social development and educational attainment alongside posing a very real risk that they could support or partake in an act of violence. Radicalisation of young people can be compared to grooming for sexual exploitation.

Aycliffe Community Primary School will ensure all members of staff complete an approved training package which includes guidance on how to identify people who may be vulnerable to being drawn into terrorism, and how to refer them into the Channel process. This could include the NCALT e-Learning http://course.ncalt.com/Channel_General_Awareness/01/index.html or Home Office training on Prevent https://www.elearning.prevent.homeoffice.gov.uk/. The DSL will attend additional training which includes further information on the Prevent Duty.  

Every member of staff at Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that children exposed to radicalisation and extremism is no different to safeguarding against any other vulnerability and should be approached in the same way as protecting children from other risks. All members of the community at Aycliffe Community Primary School will report concerns regarding radicalisation and extremism to the DSL who will follow local and national guidance.

Additional information about responding to radicalisation and extremism online can be found in the schools Online Safety Policy.

Appendix 3: Keeping yourself safe when responding to disclosures (the 6 R’s – what to do if…)

1. Receive

• Keep calm

• Listen to what is being said without displaying shock or disbelief

• Take what is being said to you seriously

• Note down what has been said

2. Respond

• Reassure the pupil that they have done the right thing in talking to you

• Be honest and do not make promises you cannot keep e.g. “It will be alright now”

• Do not promise confidentiality; you have a duty to refer

• Reassure and alleviate guilt, if the pupil refers to it e.g. “you’re not to blame”

• Reassure the child that information will only be shared with those who need to know

3. React

• React to the pupil only as far as is necessary for you to establish whether or not you need to refer the matter, but do not interrogate for full details

• Do not ask leading questions; “Did he/she….?” Such questions can invalidate evidence.

• Do ask open “TED” questions; Tell, explain, describe

• Do not criticise the perpetrator; the pupil may have affection for him/her

• Do not ask the pupil to repeat it all for another member of staff

• Explain what you have to do next and who you have to talk to

4. Record

• Make some brief notes at the time on any paper which comes to hand and write them up as soon as possible

• Do not destroy your original notes

• Record the date, time, place, any non-verbal behaviour and the words used by the child. Always ensure that as far as possible you have recorded the actual words used by the child.

• Record statements and observable things rather than your interpretations or assumptions

5. Remember

• Contact the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)

• The DSL may be required to make appropriate records available to other agencies

• KSCB: www.kscb.org.uk

6. Relax

• Get some support for yourself, dealing with disclosures can be traumatic for professionals

Appendix 4: National Support Organisations

Support for staff

• Education Support Partnership: www.educationsupportpartnership.org.uk

• Professional Online Safety Helpline: www.saferinternet.org.uk/helpline

Support for Pupils

• NSPCC: www.nspcc.org.uk

• ChildLine: www.childline.org.uk

• Papyrus: www.papyrus-uk.org

• Young Minds: www.youngminds.org.uk

• The Mix: www.themix.org.uk

Support for adults

• Family Lives: www.familylives.org.uk

• Crime Stoppers: www.crimestoppers-uk.org

• Victim Support: www.victimsupport.org.uk

• Kidscape: www.kidscape.org.uk

• The Samaritans: www.samaritans.org

• Mind: www.mind.org.uk

• NAPAC (National Association for People Abused in Childhood): www.napac.org.uk

• MOSAC: www.mosac.org.uk

• Action Fraud: www.actionfraud.police.uk

Support for Learning Disabilities

• Respond: www.respond.org.uk

• Mencap: www.mencap.org.uk

Domestic Abuse

• Refuge: www.refuge.org.uk

• Women’s Aid: www.womensaid.org.uk

• Men’s Advice Line: www.mensadviceline.org.uk

• Mankind: www.mankindcounselling.org.uk

Honour based Violence

• Forced Marriage Unit: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/forced-marriage

Sexual Abuse and CSE

• Lucy Faithfull Foundation: www.lucyfaithfull.org.uk

• Stop it Now!: www.stopitnow.org.uk

• Parents Protect: www.parentsprotect.co.uk

• CEOP: www.ceop.police.uk

• Marie Collins Foundation: www.mariecollinsfoundation.org.uk

• Internet Watch Foundation (IWF): www.iwf.org.uk

Online Safety

• Childnet International: www.childnet.com

• UK Safer Internet Centre: www.saferinternet.org.uk

• Parents Info: www.parentinfo.org

• Internet Matters: www.internetmatters.org

• Net Aware: www.net-aware.org.uk

• ParentPort: www.parentport.org.uk

• Get safe Online: www.getsafeonline.org

Radicalisation and hate

• Educate against Hate: www.educateagainsthate.com  

• Counter Terrorism Internet Referral Unit: www.gov.uk/report-terrorism

• True Vision: www.report-it.org.uk

Appendix 5:

Online Safety Policy 1. Creating an Online Safety Ethos

• Aycliffe Community Primary School believes that online safety is an essential element of safeguarding children and adults in the digital world, when using technology such as computers, mobile phones or games consoles.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School identifies that the internet and information communication technologies are an important part of everyday life so children must be supported to be able to learn how to develop strategies to manage and respond to risk so they can be empowered to build resilience online.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School has a duty to provide the school community with quality Internet access to raise education standards, promote pupil achievement, support professional work of staff and enhance the schools management functions. Aycliffe Community Primary School also identifies that with this there is a clear duty to ensure that children are protected from potential harm online.

• The purpose of  Aycliffe Community Primary School online safety policy is to:

o Clearly identify the key principles expected of all members of the community with regards to the safe and responsible use technology to ensure that Aycliffe Community Primary School is a safe and secure environment.

o Safeguard and protect all members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community online.

o Raise awareness with all members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community regarding the potential risks as well as benefits of technology.

o To enable all staff to work safely and responsibly, to role model positive behaviour online and be aware of the need to manage their own standards and practice when using technology.

o Identify clear procedures to use when responding to online safety concerns that are known by all members of the community.

• This policy applies to all staff including the governing body, teachers, support staff, external contractors , visitors, volunteers and other individuals who work for or provide services on behalf of the school (collectively referred to as ‘staff‘ in this policy) as well as children and parents.

• This policy applies to all access to the internet and use of information communication devices including personal devices or where children, staff or other individuals have been provided with school issued devices for use off-site, such as a work laptop or mobile phone.

• This policy must be read in conjunction with other relevant school policies.

• The School Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) is John Dexter (Headteacher) who leads online safety. The School safeguaring lead for the Governing Body is Helen Comfort. 1.3 Key responsibilities of the community 1.3.1 Key responsibilities of the school leadership team are:

• Developing, owning and promoting the online safety vision and culture to all stakeholders in line with national and local best practice recommendations with appropriate support and consultation throughout the school community.

• Auditing and evaluating current online safety practice to identify strengths and areas for improvement.

• Supporting the online safety lead in the development of an online safety culture within the setting.

• Ensuring there are appropriate and up-to-date policies and procedures regarding online safety.

• To ensure that suitable, age-appropriate and relevant filtering is in place to protect children from inappropriate content (including extremist material) to meet the needs of the school community and ensuring that the filtering and school network system is actively monitored.

• Ensuring all members of staff receive regular, up-to-date and appropriate training regarding online safety roles and responsibilities and provide guidance regarding safe appropriate communications.

• Ensuring that online safety is embedded within a progressive whole school curriculum which enables all pupils to develop an age-appropriate understanding of online safety and the associated risks and safe behaviours.

• Making appropriate resources available to support the development of an online safety culture.

• Taking responsibility for online safety incidents and liaising with external agencies as appropriate.

• Receiving and regularly reviewing online safety incident logs and using them to inform and shape future practice.

• Ensuring there are robust reporting channels for the school/setting community to access regarding online safety concerns, including internal, local and national support.

• Ensure that appropriate risk assessments are undertaken regarding the safe use of technology, including ensuring the safe and responsible use of devices.

• To work with and support technical staff in monitoring the safety and security of schools systems and networks.

• To ensure a member of the Governing Body is identified with a lead responsibility for supporting online safety. 1.3.2 Key responsibilities of the designated safeguarding lead are:

• Acting as a named point of contact on all online safety issues and liaising with other members of staff and agencies as appropriate.

• Keeping up-to-date with current research, legislation and trends.

• Coordinating participation in local and national events to promote positive online behaviour, e.g. Safer Internet Day.

• Ensuring that online safety is promoted to parents and carers and the wider community through a variety of channels and approaches.

• Work with the school lead for data protection and data security to ensure that practice is in line with legislation.

• Maintaining an online safety log to record incidents and actions taken as part of the schools safeguarding recording structures and mechanisms.

• Monitor the school online safety incidents to identify gaps/trends and update the education response to reflect need and to report to the school management team, Governing Body and other agencies as appropriate.

• Liaising with the local authority and other local and national bodies as appropriate.

• Reviewing and updating online safety policies, Acceptable Use Policies (AUPs) and other procedures on a regular basis (at least annually) with stakeholder input.

• Ensuring that online safety is integrated with other appropriate school policies and procedures. 1.3.3 Key responsibilities of staff are:

• Contributing to the development of online safety policies.

• Reading the school Acceptable Use Policies (AUPs) and adhering to them.

• Taking responsibility for the security of school/setting systems and data.

• Having an awareness of online safety issues, and how they relate to the children in their care.

• Modelling good practice in using new and emerging technologies and demonstrating an emphasis on positive learning opportunities rather than focusing on negatives.

• Embedding online safety education in curriculum delivery wherever possible.

• Identifying individuals of concern, and taking appropriate action by working with the designated safeguarding lead.

• Knowing when and how to escalate online safety issues, internally and externally.

• Being able to signpost to appropriate support available for online safety issues, internally and externally.

• Maintaining a professional level of conduct in their personal use of technology, both on and off site.

• Taking personal responsibility for professional development in this area. 1.3.5. Additional responsibilities for staff managing the technical environment are:

• Providing a safe and secure technical infrastructure which support safe online practices while ensuring that learning opportunities are still maximised.

• Taking responsibility for the implementation of safe security of systems and data in partnership with the leadership and management team.

• To ensure that suitable access controls and encryption is implemented to protect personal and sensitive information held on school-owned devices.

• Ensuring that the schools filtering policy is applied and updated on a regular basis and that responsibility for its implementation is shared with the online safety lead and DSL.

• Ensuring that the use of the setting’s network is regularly monitored in order that any deliberate or accidental misuse can be reported to the online safety lead and DSL.

• Report any breaches or concerns to the Designated Safeguarding Lead and leadership team and together ensure that they are recorded on the e Safety Incident Log, and appropriate action is taken as advised.

• Developing an understanding of the relevant legislation as it relates to the security and safety of the technical infrastructure.

• Report any breaches and liaising with the local authority (or other local or national bodies) as appropriate on technical infrastructure issues.

• Providing technical support and perspective to the online safety lead and leadership team, especially in the development and implementation of appropriate online safety policies and procedures.

• Ensuring that the school’s ICT infrastructure/system is secure and not open to misuse or malicious attack.

• Ensuring that appropriate anti-virus software and system updates are installed and maintained on all setting machines and portable devices.

• Ensure that appropriately strong passwords are applied and enforced for all but the youngest users. 1.3.5 Key responsibilities of children and young people are:

• Contributing to the development of online safety policies.

• Reading the school/setting Acceptable Use Policies (AUPs) and adhering to them.

• Respecting the feelings and rights of others both on and offline.

• Seeking help from a trusted adult if things go wrong, and supporting others that may be experiencing online safety issues.

• At a level that is appropriate to their individual age, ability and vulnerabilities:  Taking responsibility for keeping themselves and others safe online.

• At a level that is appropriate to their individual age, ability and vulnerabilities: Taking responsibility for their own awareness and learning in relation to the opportunities and risks posed by new and emerging technologies.

• At a level that is appropriate to their individual age, ability and vulnerabilities: Assessing the personal risks of using any particular technology, and behaving safely and responsibly to limit those risks. 1.3.6. Key responsibilities of parents and carers are:

• Reading the school policies, encouraging their children to adhere to them, and adhering to them themselves where appropriate.

• Discussing online safety issues with their children, supporting the school in their online safety approaches, and reinforcing appropriate safe online behaviours at home.

• Role modelling safe and appropriate uses of new and emerging technology.

• Identifying changes in behaviour that could indicate that their child is at risk of harm online.

• Seeking help and support from the school, or other appropriate agencies, if they or their child encounters online problems or concerns. 2.  Online Communication and Safer Use of Technology 2.1 Managing the school/setting website 

• The school will ensure that information posted on the school website meets the requirements as identified by the Department for Education.

• The contact details on the website will be the school address, email and telephone number. Staff or pupils’ personal information will not be published.

• The head teacher will take overall editorial responsibility for online content published by the school and will ensure that content published is accurate and appropriate.

• The school website will comply with the school’s guidelines for publications including respect for intellectual property rights, privacy policies and copyright.

• The school will post information about safeguarding, including online safety on the school website and Facebook page. 2.2 Publishing images and videos online

• The school will ensure that all images are used in accordance with the school image use policy. 2.3 Managing email

• All members of staff are provided with a specific school email address to use for any official communication.

• The use of personal email addresses by staff for any official school business is not permitted.

• The forwarding of any chain messages/emails etc. is not permitted. Spam or junk mail will be blocked and reported to the email provider.

• Any electronic communication which contains any content which could be subject to data protection legislation must only be sent using secure and encrypted methods.

• Members of the school community must immediately tell a designated member of staff if they receive offensive communication and this should be recorded in the school online safety incident log.

• Sensitive or personal information will only be shared via email in accordance with data protection legislation. 2.4 Official videoconferencing and webcam use

• All videoconferencing equipment in the classroom will be switched off when not in use and where appropriate, not set to auto answer.

• Pupils will ask permission from a teacher before making or answering a videoconference call or message. Videoconferencing will be supervised.

• Video conferencing will take place via official and approved communication channels following a robust risk assessment. 2.5 Appropriate and safe classroom use of the internet and associated devices

• The school’s internet access will be designed to enhance and extend education.

• Access levels to the internet will be reviewed to reflect the curriculum requirements and the age and ability of pupils.

• Pupils will use age and ability appropriate tools to search the Internet for content.

• Internet use is a key feature of educational access and all children will receive age and ability appropriate education to support and enable them to develop strategies to respond to concerns as part of an embedded whole school curriculum.

• The school will ensure that the use of Internet-derived materials by staff and pupils complies with copyright law and acknowledge the source of information.

• All members of staff are aware that they cannot rely on filtering alone to safeguard children and supervision, classroom management and education about safe and responsible use is essential.

• Supervision of pupils will be appropriate to their age and ability o At Early Years Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 pupils’ access to the Internet will be by adult demonstration with occasional directly supervised access to specific and approved online materials which supports the learning outcomes planned for the pupils’ age and ability. o At Key Stage 2 pupils will be supervised. Pupils will use age-appropriate search engines and online tools and online activities will be teacher-directed where necessary. Children will be directed to online material and resources which support the learning outcomes planned for the pupils’ age and ability.

• Pupils will be educated in the effective use of the Internet in research, including the skills of knowledge location, retrieval and evaluation.

• Pupils will be taught to be critically aware of the materials they read and shown how to validate information before accepting its accuracy.

• The evaluation of on¬line materials is a part of teaching and learning in every subject and will be viewed as a whole-school requirement across the curriculum.

• Members of staff will always evaluate websites, tools and apps fully before use in the classroom or recommending for use at home. 3. Social Media Policy 3.1. General social media use 

• Expectations regarding safe and responsible use of social media will apply to all members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community and exist in order to safeguard both the school and the wider community, on and offline.  Examples of social media may include blogs, wikis, social networking, forums, bulletin boards, multi¬player online gaming, apps, video/photo sharing sites, chatrooms, instant messenger and many others.

• All members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community will be encouraged to engage in social media in a positive, safe and responsible manner at all times.

• Information about safe and responsible use of social media will be communicated clearly and regularly to all members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community.

• All members of Aycliffe Community Primary School  community are advised not to publish specific and detailed private thoughts, concerns, pictures or messages on any social media services, especially content that may be considered threatening, hurtful or defamatory to others.

• The school will control pupils and staff access to social media and social networking sites whilst on site and using school provided devices and systems

• The use of social networking applications during school hours for personal use is not permitted

• Inappropriate or excessive use of social media during school hours or whilst using school devices may result in disciplinary or legal action

• Any concerns regarding the online conduct of any member of Aycliffe Community Primary School community on social media sites should be reported to the school leadership team and will be managed in accordance with existing school policies such as anti-bullying, allegations against staff, behaviour and safeguarding.

• Any breaches of school policy may result in criminal, disciplinary or civil action being taken and this will depend upon the age of those involved and the circumstances of the wrong committed.  Action taken will be accordance with the relevant school policies, such as anti-bullying, allegations against staff, behaviour and safeguarding. 3.2. Official use of social media

• Official use of social media sites by the school will only take place with clear educational or community engagement objectives with specific intended outcome of increasing parental engagement.

• Official use of social media sites as communication tools will be risk assessed and formally approved by the headteacher.

• Official school social media channels will be set up as distinct and dedicated social media site or account for educational or engagement purposes.

• Staff will use school provided email addresses to register for and manage official school approved social media channels.

• Members of staff running official school social media channels will sign a specific Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) to ensure they are aware of the required behaviours and expectations of use and to ensure that sites are used safely, responsibly and in accordance with local and national guidance and legislation  

• All communication on official school social media platforms will be clear, transparent and open to scrutiny. Any online publication on official school social media sites will comply with legal requirements including the Data Protection Act 1998, right to privacy conferred by the Human Rights Act 1998, or similar duty to protect private information and will not breach any common law duty of confidentiality, copyright etc.

• Official social media use by the school will be in line with existing policies.

• Images or videos of children will only be shared on official school social media sites/channels in accordance with the school image use policy.

• Information about safe and responsible use of school social media channels will be communicated clearly and regularly to all members of the school community.

• Official social media sites, blogs or wikis will be suitably protected (e.g. password protected) and where possible/appropriate, run from the school website and take place with written approval from the Headteacher.

• Leadership staff must be aware of account information and relevant details for social media channels in case of emergency such as staff absence.

• Parents and pupils will be informed of any official school social media use, along with expectations for safe use and school action taken to safeguard the community.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School official social media channels are: Facebook and Twitter. 3.3 Staff official use of social media

• If members of staff are participating in online activity as part of their capacity as an employee of the school, then they are requested to be professional at all times and that they are an ambassador for the school.

• Staff using social media officially will disclose their official role/position but always make it clear that they do not necessarily speak on behalf of the school.

• Staff using social media officially will be responsible, credible, fair and honest at all times and consider how the information being published could be perceived or shared.

• Staff using social media officially will always act within the legal frameworks they would adhere to within school, including libel, defamation, confidentiality, copyright, data protection as well as equalities laws.

• Staff must ensure that any image posted on the school social media channel have appropriate written parental consent.

• Staff using social media officially will be accountable and must not disclose information, make commitments or engage in activities on behalf of the school unless they are authorised to do so.

• Staff using social media officially will inform their line manager, the school online safety lead and/or the head teacher of any concerns such as criticism or inappropriate content posted online. 

• Staff will not engage with any direct or private messaging with pupils or parents/carers through social media and should communicate via school communication channels.

• Staff using social media officially will sign the school social media Acceptable Use Policy before official social media use will take place. 3.4 Staff personal use of social media

• Personal use of social networking, social media and personal publishing sites will be discussed with all members of staff as part of staff induction and will be revisited and communicated via regular staff training opportunities.

• Safe and professional behaviour will be outlined for all members of staff (including volunteers) as part of the school Acceptable Use Policy.

• All members of staff are advised not to communicate with or add as ‘friends’ any current or past pupils or current or past pupils’ family members via any personal social media sites, applications or profiles.  Any pre-existing relationships or exceptions that may compromise this will be discussed with the Headteacher.

• If ongoing contact with pupils is required once they have left the school roll, then members of staff will be expected to use existing alumni networks or use official school provided communication tools.

• All communication between staff and members of the school community on school business will take place via official approved communication channels.

• Staff must not use personal accounts or information to make contact with pupils or parents, nor should any contact be accepted, except in circumstance whereby prior approval has been given by the Headteacher .

• Any communication from pupils/parents received on personal social media accounts will be reported to the schools designated safeguarding lead.

• Information staff members have access to as part of their employment, including photos and personal information about pupils and their family members, colleagues etc. will not be shared or discussed on personal social media sites.

• All members of staff are strongly advised to safeguard themselves and their privacy when using social media sites. This will include being aware of location sharing services, setting the privacy levels of their personal sites as strictly as they can, opting out of public listings on social networking sites, logging out of accounts after use and keeping passwords safe and confidential.

• All members of staff are encouraged to carefully consider the information, including text and images, they share and post online and should ensure that their social media use is compatible with their professional role, in accordance with schools policies (safeguarding, confidentiality, data protection etc.) and the wider professional and legal framework.

• Members of staff will be encouraged to manage and control the content they share and post online. Advice will be provided to staff via staff training and by sharing appropriate guidance and resources on a regular basis.

• Members of staff will notify the Leadership/Management Team immediately if they consider that any content shared or posted via any information and communications technology, including emails or social networking sites conflicts with their role in the school/setting.

• Members of staff are encouraged not to identify themselves as employees of Aycliffe Community Primary School on their personal social networking accounts.  This is to prevent information on these sites from being linked with the school and also to safeguard the privacy of staff members and the wider school community. 3.5 Pupils use of social media

• Safe and responsible use of social media sites will be outlined for pupils and their parents as part of the school Acceptable Use Policy.

• Personal publishing on social media sites will be taught to pupils as part of an embedded and progressive education approach via age appropriate sites which have been risk assessed and approved as suitable for educational purposes. • Pupils will be advised to consider the risks of sharing personal details of any kind on social media sites which may identify them and / or their location. Examples would include real/full name, address, mobile or  landline phone numbers, school attended, Instant messenger contact details, email addresses, full names of  friends/family, specific interests and clubs etc.

• Pupils will be advised not to meet any online friends without a parent/carer or other responsible adult’s permission and only when they can be present.

• Pupils will be advised on appropriate security on social media sites and will be encouraged to use safe and passwords, deny access to unknown individuals and be supported in learning how to block and report unwanted communications. • Pupils will be encouraged to approve and invite known friends only on social networking sites and to deny access to others by making profiles private/protected.

• Parents will be informed of any official social media use with pupils and written parental consent will be obtained, as required.

• Any official social media activity involving pupils will be moderated by the school where possible.

• The school is aware that many popular social media sites state that they are not for children under the age of 13, therefore the School will not create accounts within school specifically for children under this age .

• Any concerns regarding pupils’ use of social networking, social media and personal publishing sites, both at home and at school, will be dealt with in accordance with existing school policies including anti-bullying and behaviour. Concerns will be raised with their parents/carers, particularly when concerning any underage use of social media sites. 4. Use of Personal Devices and Mobile Phones 4.1 Rationale regarding personal devices and mobile phones

• The widespread ownership of mobile phones and a range of other personal devices among children, young people and adults will require all members Aycliffe Community Primary School community to take steps to ensure that mobile phones and personal devices are used responsibly.

• The use of mobile phones and other personal devices by young people in school is not permitted and any mobile phones and other personal devices must be stored in the school office during the school day.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that personal communication through mobile technologies is an accepted part of everyday life for pupils, staff and parents but requires that such technologies need to be used safely and appropriately within school. 4.2 Expectations for safe use of personal devices and mobile phones

• Electronic devices of all kinds that are brought in to school are the responsibility of the user at all times. The school accepts no responsibility for the loss, theft or damage of such items. Nor will the school accept responsibility for any adverse health effects caused by any such devices either potential or actual.

• Mobile phones and personal devices are not permitted to be used in certain areas within the school site such as changing rooms, toilets and swimming pools.

• The sending of abusive or inappropriate messages or content via mobile phones or personal devices is forbidden by any member of the school community and any breaches will be dealt with as part of the school discipline/behaviour policy. • Members of staff will be issued with a school email address where contact with pupils or parents is required.

• All members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community will be advised to take steps to protect their mobile phones or devices from loss, theft or damage.

• All members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community will be advised to use passwords/pin numbers to ensure that unauthorised calls or actions cannot be made on their phones or devices if they are lost or stolen. Passwords and pin numbers should be kept confidential. Mobile phones and personal devices should not be shared.

• All members of Aycliffe Community Primary School community will be advised to ensure that their mobile phones and personal devices do not contain any content which may be considered to be offensive, derogatory or would otherwise contravene the school policies. 4.3 Pupils use of personal devices and mobile phones • Pupils will be educated regarding the safe and appropriate use of personal devices and mobile phones.

• If a pupil needs to contact his/her parents they will be allowed to use a school phone. Parents are advised not to contact their child via their mobile phone during the school day, but to contact the school office.

• Pupils should protect their phone numbers by only giving them to trusted friends and family members. Pupils will be instructed in safe and appropriate use of mobile phones and personal devices and will be made aware of boundaries and consequences. 4.5 Staff use of personal devices and mobile phones

• Members of staff are not permitted to use their own personal phones or devices for contacting children, young people and their families within or outside of the setting in a professional capacity. Any pre-exiting relationships which could compromise this must be discussed with the headteacher

• Staff will not use personal devices such as mobile phones, tablets or cameras to take photos or videos of children and will only use work-provided equipment for this purpose. 

• Staff will not use any personal devices directly with children and will only use work-provided equipment during lessons/educational activities. 

• Staff personal mobile phones and devices will be switched to ‘silent’ mode during lesson times.

• Bluetooth or other forms of communication should be “hidden” or switched off during lesson times.

• Personal mobile phones or devices will not be used during teaching periods.

• If a member of staff breaches the school policy then disciplinary action will be taken.

•  If a member of staff is thought to have illegal content saved or stored on a mobile phone or personal device or have committed a criminal offence then the police will be contacted and allegations will be responding to following the allegations management policy. 4.6 Visitors use of personal devices and mobile phones Parents and visitors must use mobile phones and personal devices in accordance with the schools policy.

• Use of mobile phones or personal devices by visitors and parents to take photos or videos must take place in accordance with the school image use policy.

• The school will ensure appropriate signage and information is displayed and provided to inform visitors of expectations of use.

• Staff will be expected to challenge concerns when safe and appropriate and will always inform the Designated Safeguarding Lead of any breaches of use by visitors 5. Policy Decisions 5.1. Reducing online risks

• Ayciffe Community Primary School is aware that the Internet is a constantly changing environment with new apps, tools, devices, sites and material emerging at a rapid pace.

• Emerging technologies will be examined for educational benefit and the school leadership team will ensure that appropriate risk assessments are carried out before use in school is allowed.

• The school will ensure that appropriate filtering systems are in place to prevent staff and pupils from accessing unsuitable or illegal content.  Schools should include appropriate details about the systems in place.

• The school will take all reasonable precautions to ensure that users access only appropriate material. However, due to the global and connected nature of Internet content, it is not possible to guarantee that access to unsuitable material will never occur via a school computer or device .

• The school will audit technology use to establish if the online safety (e–Safety) policy is adequate and that the implementation of the policy is appropriate. 5.3 Authorising internet access

• The school will maintain a current record of all staff and pupils who are granted access to the school’s electronic communications.

• All staff, pupils and visitors will read and sign the School Acceptable Use Policy before using any school ICT resources.

• Parents will be informed that pupils will be provided with supervised Internet access which is appropriate to their age and ability. 6. Engagement Approaches 6.1 Engagement and education of children and young people

• An online safety curriculum will be established and embedded throughout the whole school, to raise awareness regarding the importance of safe and responsible internet use amongst pupils.

• Education about safe and responsible use will precede internet access.

• Pupils will be supported in reading and understanding the school Acceptable Use Policy in a way which suits their age and ability.

• All users will be informed that network and Internet use will be monitored.

• The pupil Acceptable Use expectations and Posters will be posted in all rooms with Internet access.

• Safe and responsible use of the Internet and technology will be reinforced across the curriculum and within all subject areas. 6.3 Engagement and education of staff

• The online safety policy will be formally provided to and discussed with all members of staff as part of induction and will be reinforced and highlighted as part of school safeguarding practice.

• To protect all staff and pupils, the school will implement Acceptable Use Policies which highlights appropriate online conduct and communication.

• Staff will be made aware that Internet traffic can be monitored and traced to the individual user. Discretion and professional conduct is essential.

• Up-to-date and appropriate staff training in safe and responsible Internet use, both professionally and personally, will be provided for all members of staff on a regular basis.

• All members of staff will be made aware that their online conduct out of school could have an impact on their role and reputation within school. Civil, legal or disciplinary action could be taken if they are found to bring the profession or institution into disrepute, or if something is felt to have undermined confidence in their professional abilities. 6.4 Engagement and education of parents and carers

• Aycliffe Community Primary School recognises that parents have an essential role to play in enabling children to become safe and responsible users of the internet and digital technology.

• Parents’ attention will be drawn to the school online safety policy and expectations in newsletters, Facebook and on the school website.

• A partnership approach to online safety at home and at school with parents will be encouraged. 7. Managing Information Systems 7.1 Managing personal data online

• Personal data will be recorded, processed, transferred and made available according to the Data Protection Act 1998. 7.2 Security and Management of Information Systems

• The security of the school information systems and users will be reviewed regularly.

• Virus protection will be updated regularly.

• Personal data sent over the Internet or taken off site (such as via portable media storage) will be encrypted or accessed via appropriate secure remote access systems. Password policy

• All users will be informed not to share passwords or information with others and not to login as another user at any time.

• Staff and pupils must always keep their password private and must not share it with others or leave it where others can find it.

• All members of staff will have their own unique username and private passwords to access school systems. Members of staff are responsible for keeping their password private. 7.3 Filtering Decisions

• The school’s internet access strategy will be dependent on the need and requirements of our community and will therefore be designed to suit the age and curriculum requirements of our pupils, with advice from technical, educational and safeguarding staff.

• The school will ensure that age and ability appropriate filtering is in place whilst using school devices and systems to try and prevent staff and pupils from being accidentally or deliberately exposed to unsuitable content.

• The school will have a clear procedure for reporting breaches of filtering which all members of the school community (all staff and all pupils) will be made aware of.

• If staff or pupils discover unsuitable sites, the URL will be reported to the School Designated Safeguarding Lead and will then be recorded and escalated as appropriate.

• The School filtering system will block all sites on the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) list.

• Changes to the school filtering policy will be risk assessed by staff with educational and technical experience prior to any changes and where appropriate with consent from the Leadership Team.

• Any material that the school believes is illegal will be reported to appropriate agencies such as IWF, Kent Police or CEOP immediately. 7.4 Management of applications (apps) used to record children’s progress

• The headteacher is ultimately responsible for the security of any data or images held of children. 

• Apps/systems which store personal data will be risk assessed prior to use.

• Personal staff mobile phones or devices will not be used for any apps which record and store children’s personal details, attainment or photographs.

• Only school issued devices will be used for apps that record and store children’s personal details, attainment or photographs.

• Devices will be appropriately encrypted if taken off site to prevent a data security breach in the event of loss or theft.

• Staff and parents will be advised on safety measures to protect all members of the community such as using strong passwords, logging out of systems etc. 8. Responding to Online Incidents and Concerns

• All members of the school/setting community will be informed about the procedure for reporting online safety concerns (such as breaches of filtering, cyberbullying, illegal content etc.).

• The Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) will be informed of any online safety incidents involving child protection concerns, which will then be recorded.

• The Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) will ensure that online safety concerns are escalated and reported to relevant agencies in line with the Kent Safeguarding Children Board thresholds and procedures.

• Complaints about Internet misuse will be dealt with under the School’s complaints procedure.

• Complaints about online bullying will be dealt with under the School’s anti-bullying policy and procedure

• Any complaint about staff misuse will be referred to the head teacher

• Any allegations against a member of staff’s online conduct will be discussed with the LADO (Local Authority Designated Officer).

• Pupils, parents and staff will be informed of the schools complaints procedure.

• Staff will be informed of the complaints and whistleblowing procedure.

• All members of the school community will need to be aware of the importance of confidentiality and the need to follow the official school procedures for reporting concerns.

• All members of the school community will be reminded about safe and appropriate behaviour online and the importance of not posting any content, comments, images or videos online which cause harm, distress or offence to any other members of the school community.

• The school will manage online safety incidents in accordance with the school behaviour policy where appropriate. The school will inform parents of any incidents of concerns as and when required.

• After any investigations are completed, the school will debrief, identify lessons learnt and implement any changes as required.

• Where there is cause for concern or fear that illegal activity has taken place or is taking place then the school will contact the Education Safeguards Team or Kent Police via 999 if there is immediate danger or risk of harm.

• The use of computer systems without permission or for inappropriate purposes could constitute a criminal offence under the Computer Misuse Act 1990 and breaches will be reported to Kent Police.

• If the school is unsure how to proceed with any incidents of concern, then the incident will be escalated to the Education Safeguarding Team.

• If an incident of concern needs to be passed beyond the school then the concern will be escalated to the Education Safeguarding Team to communicate to other schools in Kent.

• Parents and children will need to work in partnership with the school to resolve issues. We recognise that all pupils are equal regardless of cultural or ethnic background, religion, social circumstances, gender, sexual orientation, ability and disability. The curriculum and whole ethos of the school demonstrates that diversity is understood, is welcomed and appreciated within the school. Equal opportunities means that all children have the right to a broad and balanced curriculum with which all pupils can engage and achieve. Appendix A Procedures for Responding to Specific Online Incidents or Concerns The following content is provided to enable schools and education settings to make appropriate safeguarding decisions reading online safety concerns and has been written by the Kent e-Safety Strategy Group with input from specialist services and teams. This content is not exhaustive and cannot cover every eventually so professional judgement and support from appropriate agencies such as the Education Safeguarding Team, Police, CSET and Children’s Social Care is encouraged. Some settings may not feel that these sections are relevant due to the age and ability of children; however it is recommended that designated safeguarding leads ensure that their settings safeguarding policies and procedures are robust and are applicable for a range of safeguarding issues should they occur. Some schools and settings will place these sections within existing safeguarding and child protection policies and procedures rather than the online safety policy or within other appropriate policies and procedures. Other settings will prefer to keep this content as reference material for Designated Safeguarding Leads. 9.1 Responding to concerns regarding Self-Generated Indecent Images of Children (SGIIOC or “Sexting”)

• Aycliffe Community Primary School ensure that all members of the community are made aware of the social, psychological and criminal consequences of sharing, possessing and creating incident images of children (known as “sexting”).

• The school will implement preventative approaches via a range of age and ability appropriate educational approaches for pupils, staff and parents/carers.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School views “sexting” as a safeguarding issue and all concerns will be reported to and dealt with by the Designated Safeguarding Lead, John Dexter (Headteacher).

• If the school are made aware of incident involving indecent images of a child the school will:

• Act in accordance with the schools child protection and safeguarding policy and the relevant Kent Safeguarding Child Boards procedures.

• Immediately notify the designated safeguarding lead.

• Store the device securely.

• Carry out a risk assessment in relation to the children(s) involved.

• Consider  the vulnerabilities of children(s) involved (including carrying out relevant checks with other agencies)

• Make a referral to children’s social care and/or the police (as needed/appropriate).

• Put the necessary safeguards in place for children e.g. offer counselling support and immediate protection and offer appropriate pastoral support for those involved.

• Inform parents/carers about the incident and how it is being managed.

• Implement appropriate sanctions in accordance with the schools behaviour policy but taking care not to further traumatise victims where possible.

• Review the handling of any incidents to ensure that the school is implementing best practice and the leadership team will review and update any management procedures where necessary.

• The school will not view the image unless there is a clear need or reason to do so.

• The school will not send, share or save indecent images of children and will not allow or request children to do so.

• If an indecent image has been taken or shared on the school/settings network or devices then the school will take action to block access to all users and isolate the image.

• The school will need to involve or consult the police if images are considered to be illegal.

• The school will take action regarding indecent images, regardless of the use of school equipment or personal equipment, both on and off the premises.

• The school will follow the guidance (including the decision making flow chart and risk assessment template) as set out in “‘Sexting’ in schools: advice and support around self-generated images. What to do and how to handle it”.

• The school will ensure that all members of the community are aware of sources of support. 9.2. Responding to concerns regarding Online Child Sexual Abuse • Aycliffe Community Primary School will ensure that all members of the community are made aware of online child sexual abuse, including  exploitation and grooming including the consequences, possible approaches which may be employed by offenders to target children and how to respond to concerns.

• The school will implement preventative approaches for online child sexual abuse via a range of age and ability appropriate educational approaches for pupils, staff and parents.

• Aycliffe Community Primary School views online child sexual abuse as a safeguarding issue and all concerns will be reported to and dealt with by the Designated Safeguarding Lead, John Dexter (Headteacher).

• If the school is unclear if a criminal offence has been committed then the Designated Safeguarding Lead will obtain advice immediately through the Education Safeguarding Team and/or Kent Police.

• If the school are made aware of incident involving online child sexual abuse of a child then the school will:

o Act in accordance with the schools child protection and safeguarding policy and the relevant Kent Safeguarding Child Boards procedures.

o Immediately notify the designated safeguarding lead.

o Store any devices involved securely.

o Immediately inform Kent police via 101 (using 999 if a child is at immediate risk)  or alternatively to CEOP by using the Click CEOP report form: http://www.ceop.police.uk/safety-centre/

o Where appropriate the school will involve and empower children to report concerns regarding online child sexual abuse

o Carry out a risk assessment which considers any vulnerabilities of pupil(s) involved (including carrying out relevant checks with other agencies).

o Make a referral to children’s social care (if needed/appropriate).

o Put the necessary safeguards in place for pupil(s) e.g. offer counselling support and immediate protection and offer appropriate pastoral support for those involved.

o Inform parents/carers about the incident and how it is being managed.

o Review the handling of any incidents to ensure that the school is implementing best practice and the school leadership team will review and update any management procedures where necessary.

• The school will take action regarding online child sexual abuse regardless of the use of school equipment or personal equipment, both on and off the school premises.

• The school will ensure that all members of the community are aware of sources of support regarding online child sexual abuse.

• If pupils at other schools are believed to have been targeted then the school will seek support from the Education Safeguarding Team to enable other schools to take appropriate action to safeguarding their community.

• The school will ensure that the Click CEOP report button is visible and available to pupils and other members of the school community, for example including the CEOP report button the school website homepage and on intranet systems. 9.3. Responding to concerns regarding Indecent Images of Children (IIOC) 9.3 Possible statements:

• Aycliffe Community Primary School will ensure that all members of the community are made aware of the criminal nature of Indecent Images of Children (IIOC) including the possible consequences.

• The school will take action regarding of Indecent Images of Children (IIOC) regardless of the use of school equipment or personal equipment, both on and off the premises.

• The school will take action to prevent access accidental access to of Indecent Images of Children (IIOC) for example using an internet Service provider (ISP) which subscribes to the Internet Watch Foundation block list,  implementing appropriate web filtering, implementing firewalls and anti-spam software.

• If the school is unclear if a criminal offence has been committed then the Designated Safeguarding Lead will obtain advice immediately through the Education Safeguarding Team and/or Kent Police.

• If the school/setting are made aware of Indecent Images of Children (IIOC) then the school will:

o Act in accordance with the schools child protection and safeguarding policy and the relevant Kent Safeguarding Child Boards procedures.

o Immediately notify the school Designated Safeguard Lead.

o Store any devices involved securely.

o Immediately inform appropriate organisations e.g. the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF), Kent police via 101 (using 999 if a child is at immediate risk) and/or the LADO (if there is an allegation against a member of staff).

• If the school are made aware that a member of staff or a pupil has been inadvertently exposed to indecent images of children whilst using the internet then the school will:

o Ensure that the Designated Safeguard Lead is informed.

o Ensure that the URLs (webpage addresses) which contain the suspect images are reported to the Internet Watch Foundation via www.iwf.org.uk .

o Ensure that any copies that exist of the image, for example in emails, are deleted.

• If the school are made aware that indecent images of children have been found on the schools electronic devices then the school will:

o Ensure that the Designated Safeguard Lead is informed.

o Ensure that the URLs (webpage addresses) which contain the suspect images are reported to the Internet Watch Foundation via www.iwf.org.uk .

o Ensure that any copies that exist of the image, for example in emails, are deleted.

o Inform the police via 101 (999 if there is an immediate risk of harm) and children’s social services (as appropriate).

o Only store copies of images (securely, where no one else has access to them and delete all other copies) at the request of the police only .

• If the school are made aware that a member of staff is found in possession of indecent images of children on their electronic device provided by the school, then the school will:

o Ensure that the Designated Safeguard Lead is informed or another member of staff in accordance with the school whistleblowing procedure.

o Contact the police regarding the images and quarantine any devices involved until police advice has been sought.

o Inform the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) and other relevant organisations in accordance with the schools managing allegations policy.

o Follow the appropriate school policies regarding conduct. 9.4. Responding to concerns regarding radicalisation or extremism online

• The school will take all reasonable precautions to ensure that children are safe from terrorist and extremist material when accessing the internet in schools and that suitable filtering is in place which takes into account the needs of pupils.  Schools will need to highlight specifically how internet use will be monitored either here or within subsequent sections.

• When concerns are noted by staff that a child may be at risk of radicalisation online then the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) will be informed immediately and action will be taken in line with the school safeguarding policy. 9.5. Responding to concerns regarding cyberbullying

• Cyberbullying, along with all other forms of bullying, of any member of Aycliffe Community Primary School community will not be tolerated. Full details are set out in the school policies regarding anti¬-bullying and behaviour.

• All incidents of online bullying reported will be recorded.

• There are clear procedures in place to investigate incidents or allegations and support anyone in the school community affected by online bullying.

• If the school is unclear if a criminal offence has been committed then the Designated Safeguarding Lead will obtain advice immediately through the Education Safeguarding Team and/or Kent Police.

• Pupils, staff and parents will be advised to keep a record of the bullying as evidence.

• The school will take steps to identify the bully where possible and appropriate. This may include examining school system logs, identifying and interviewing possible witnesses, and contacting the service provider and the police, if necessary.

• Pupils, staff and parents will be required to work with the school to support the approach to cyberbullying and the schools e-Safety ethos.